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What is a Cash Flow Statement?

Understand the cash flow statement

In this blog, Investors can learn How Cash Flow statement works, the types of activities as well as the uses and limitations of cash flow statement. By learning important points of the Cash Flow Statement which is also known as CFS, investors can decide if the company is worth investing in.

It helps investors to quickly know about the cash inflow and outflow. The cash flow includes Financing, investment, and operation. It is an essential financial statement that shows the investor the cash amount that the company is generating. Mainly these figures are real. Different sections of the cash flow statement are very useful for the investor to find out the stock value.

How cash flow statement works

The cash's inward and outward flow become helpful in the balance sheet and also bridges the gap with income statements. It all leads to a picture of the company's cash position. CFS shows the cash movement, and the CEE is also known as Cash Equivalents. With the help of a Cash Flow statement, the company can easily manage its cash position. It highlights the amount of cash and cash equivalents entering and leaving a business.

The CFS emphasizes a company's cash management, particularly its ability to create cash. This financial statement is an addition to the balance sheet and income statement.

The CFS is mainly made up of cash from three main sources: operating operations, investment activities, and financing activities. The direct and indirect methods are the two approaches for determining cash flow.

It explains where its money flows from and how money is spent and assists creditors in determining how much cash is available (referred to as liquidity) for the firm to cover its operational expenditures and pay down its obligations. As a result, individuals may utilize the statement to make better, more educated financial selections.

Types of activities in Cash Flow Statement

The Types of activities in the Cash Flow Statement include; Operations, Investing, and Financing.

1) Operating Activities (CFO):

Investors look at a company's cash flow from operational operations differently from the other two main components of cash flow to see where the money is coming from. It considers the net income, amortization, depletion and depreciation, income taxes, and deferred taxes.

Investors like seeing positive cash flow due to various continuous revenue from operational operations, not because the firm is selling off most of its assets, which results in one-time earnings. The firm's balance sheet and income statement serve to complete the image of its financial health.

2) Investing Activities (CFI):

The net cash activities declared by companies on annual cash flow statements. Accounting investing operations are the purchasing and selling of long-term assets and other company investments during a specific reporting period.

Among the other types of CFS, Investing Activities include purchasing investments, purchasing fixed assets, selling investments, and even selling fixed assets. Investing activities are important to consider because they show the company's growth potential in the future and revenue. The negative cash flow shows the company might be investing in capital assets expecting future earnings growth.

3) Financial Activities (CFF):

Financial activity shows details about the net cash flow funds. Financing activities involve borrowing (debts), equities (Stock), and dividends. Cash flow from financing activities informs investors about a company's financial strength and how its capital structure is governed.

Debt and equity financing are represented in the financing section. This variation depends on the company's Capital Structure, debt terms, and dividend policy. However, there are some uses and limitations of it.

Uses and Limitations of Cash Flow Statement

CFS is very important in the management of finance and a very important statement for the investors as well. Let us see the limitations first,

  • It helps with the development of solid financial policies. It also assists in determining the current cash position.

  • It is maybe developed to determine a company's future cash situation, providing it to plan and coordinate its financial activities effectively.

  • It supports the obtaining of loans from banks and other financial organizations. It can help you learn the firm's repayment capabilities.

  • It improves management's short-term financial choices.

  • The statement describes the reasons for a firm's weak cash position despite enormous profits by providing insight into the firm's multiple cash applications.

  • Cash is the business's soul and heart. All activities of the company revolve around cash. Everyone is concerned about money. The purpose of business is to make money. Business is a producer, but cash is the end outcome. As a result, it is advantageous.

From the uses of CFS, you know about the benefits, so let us understand the limitations.

  • It shows the cash intake and outflow. This statement's cash balance may not accurately represent the genuine liquid position. There are disagreements about whether some things, such as cheques, stamps, and postal orders, are included in cash.

  • CFS is not like an income statement. An income statement includes both cash and non-monetary items. As a result, the term "Cash Fund" does not refer to the company's net profits.

  • Because working capital is a comprehensive concept of a fund, a funds flow statement offers a more comprehensive overview than a cash flow statement.


The Cash Flow Statement is one of the crucial statements out of all the other Financial Statements that show the cash inflow or inward cash and cash outflow or cash outward information. So before investing, if you as an investor need to know about the company and its investment and future growth, there is no better tool than Cash Flow Statement.

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